Sunday 8 May 2016

Meet The New Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus)

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

The new version of Ubuntu is out now. Its Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Long Term Support). It is also called as "Xenial Xerus"!

As lot of new LINUX learners start learning with Ubuntu. Its really awesome to have basic knowledge of LINUX & the power it gives to its users. One can explore in any direction he/she has interest into. If you are a newbie, and wondering about the versions of Ubuntu then lets talk about it first before proceeding any further.

Canonical is the company behind Ubuntu Operating System. It releases its version twice per year. One in April and another in October of every year.  Approximately after every two years it releases a Long Term Support version (LTS). Refer following diagram to understand it better.

Ubuntu Name Definition
Ubuntu Name Convention
Let's talk about the latest version and it's features.

Supported Lifespan: 

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS will be supported for 5 years for Ubuntu Desktop, Ubuntu Server, Ubuntu Core and Ubuntu Kylin. All other flavors will be supported for 3 years. You can see official release notes of all flavors here.

New Features in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS: 

New features can be categorized in main 5 categories.

1. Snap Application Format
2. Updated Packages
3. Ubuntu for IBM LinuxONE & z Systems
4. Ubuntu Desktop
5. Ubuntu Server


1. Snap Application Format:
It is new application format 'snap' which can be installed alongside of regular Debian packages. Check out this link to know more about it.

2. Updated Packages:
A list of updated packages:

  • Linux Kernel 4.4
  • Python 3
  • VIM built on Python 3
  • Go Lang 1.6
  • OpenSSH 7.2p2
  • GNU Tool Chain
  • Apt 1.2

3. Ubuntu for IBM LinuxONE & z Systems:
It is practically complete port of Ubuntu Server & Cloud. Check out this link for more info.

4. Ubuntu Desktop:
It is a incremental version so many Bug fixes are included. LibreOffice 5.1 is included for Desktop users, though one can choose over other software if he/she wants.

5. Ubuntu Server:
Many technologies are updated with their new releases.

  • OpenStack Mitaka
  • libvirt 1.3.3
  • qemenu 2.5
  • Open vSwitch 2.5.0
  • Ceph Jewel
  • Nginx
  • LXD 2.0
  • Docker 1.10
  • PHP 7.0
  • MySQL 5.7
  • Juju 2.0

LXD 2.0 is new network aware lightweight container which gives VM like experience. Refer following diagram for better understanding.

LXD Basics
LXD Basics
Hope you liked it. Please refer following links if you want to explore more about The New Ubuntu 16.04 LTS.

The Squirrel has landed. 

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) Downloads

==>Posted By Yogesh B. Desai

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